Specific treatments for blackheads
The first stage of acne, blackheads generally affect oily acne-prone skin and especially the T-zone of the face, i.e. the nose, chin and forehead.
Blackheads are whiteheads whose lipids have become oxidised in contact with air. They should be monitored and treated since they can become inflamed and give way to red spots and whiteheads that then risk progressing to deep nodules or cysts.
Directly related to sebum secretion, they therefore require proper cleansing to eliminate excess sebum. But be careful not to focus on them too much – touching them, popping them or using outrageous tools to get rid of them will often make the problem worse.
Keratolytic treatments are indicated to smooth the skin and effectively eliminate blackheads.
The pros and cons of scrubs for acne-prone skin
For people with acne-prone skin, scrubs should be used sparingly, since they irritate the skin and can aggravate red spots, papules and pustules.
From time to time, exfoliation can help eliminate scales and dead cells, provided that a scrub specifically formulated for oily acne-prone skin is chosen. For example, bead-free – i.e. less abrasive – scrubs containing enzymes or salicylic acid are recommended.
In the summer, scrubs should be avoided or at least used less frequently since the skin has to defend itself from UV radiation. This also applies for people undergoing treatments with drying or keratolytic action, which therefore already exfoliate the skin: in this case, scrubs should be used in moderation.